The history of the sport of rugby began in 1823, when, during a regular football match, teenager William Webb Ellis, picking up the ball, ran to the opponent’s goal. Yes, it was a violation of the rules, but at the same time it was the first attempt to play rugby, which became an officially recognized sport. At the beginning of the 20th century, it even entered the program of the Olympic Games. But rugby is a game that requires the use of considerable physical strength, so almost 50 years later, in 1869, the game was slightly modified. It turned out to be such a mix between rugby and football. It’s called American Football. This sport turned out to be less difficult, but more spectacular.
Rugby is a team sport game, the purpose of which is to throw the ball into the field of the other team. It can be said about American football that athletes earn points by trying to move as close as possible to the opponent’s zone.
American football and rugby. Difference
So, let’s look at the main differences between these two sports.
- Field. For rugby, the field is wider. Its size is 70 meters wide and 100 meters long. On the narrow sides, there are also scoring zones, their width is the same as the field, and the length ranges from 10 to 22 m. In American football, the field is narrower and marked into segments equal to five yards, for a more accurate determination of the distance to the touchdown line.
- Command structure. When playing rugby, there are fifteen people on the field, their composition changes very often, as in hockey. When playing American football, eleven players are on the court at the same time.
- Match time. In American football, players spend 4 halves on the field, each of which lasts 15 minutes. Between the first two and the last two halves there are breaks of one minute, between the second and third calls the period is 15 minutes. In rugby games, on the other hand, there are two periods, each of which lasts 40 minutes. However, even after the end of the period, the match continues until one of the players gives a pass with his hands or an “out” occurs.
- The use of forceful tactics. In American football, a power hold can be applied to each player currently on the field, in rugby – only in relation to the person who owns the ball.
- Equipment. In rugby, the form is about the same as in any other form of football, but American football requires equipment similar to hockey, since the passing power is 4 times greater than in rugby, and the speed of movement of players across the field is higher.
- The rugby ball is oval in shape, just like the American football ball. However, in rugby it is still more elongated, larger and heavier.
- Game management. In American football, the pass is not passed with the feet, only with the hands, just like in rugby, but in rugby it is forbidden to pass with the hands forward.