Tennis is an exciting sport that is popular all over the world. To get the most out of playing on your own and watching matches, you need to know the rules of tennis. This material will be useful for beginners who are just starting to get acquainted with the world of sports.
The place of the duel is a tennis court – a flat rectangular area with a net stretched in the center. On either side of the net are players playing alone or in a team. The task of the serving side is to put the ball into play and try to send it closer to the court boundaries. The task of the receiving side is to have time to hit the ball before it touches the court surface.
Who will put the ball into play is determined by the draw? Chance also helps determine which side of the net the player will be on. This is very important in sunny weather, when the light hits your eyes and prevents you from fully playing.
How the account is kept
In the game of tennis, scoring is carried out according to slightly different criteria than in most known sports. A tennis match consists of several game stages:
- Game. Played from zero. If the starting player wins the serve, he is awarded 15 points, if he loses, the same points go to the opponent. The “price” of the second serving is also equal to 15 points, and the third – only 10. The next draw leads to the victory of the player with no more than 30 points. If both opponents have scored 40 points, one more serve is performed until the advantage is determined.
- Set. A set win is awarded to the tennis player who wins six games. With a score of 6:5, another game is played – a victory for the player who scored 7 points. If an extra game results in a tie, a tie-break is played. Submissions are carried out until one of the players scores 7 points with a difference of 2 points.
- Match. Depending on the format of the game, one match may include 3 or 5 sets. In a three-set duel, victory is awarded to a tennis player who wins at least 2 sets, in a five-set duel, it is necessary to win in three rounds.
The serve is the most important element of the game, which determines the rules of tennis. The right to serve the ball passes from one player to another at the end of each game. The serving athlete must be behind the back line of the court in its center. With one hand, the tennis player throws the ball, and with the other hand, with the help of a racket, he knocks it diagonally to the side of the opponent. During serving in tennis, a player is prohibited from:
- change the position of the body;
- move to another place;
- take steps;
- take both feet off the tennis court;
- step on the boundary lines or put your foot above them.
In case of violation of the rules, the athlete is given a penalty point. If the mistake is made for the first time, the serve is allowed to be replayed, in the second and subsequent cases the point is counted in favor of the opponent.
If during the service the ball hits the net or flies out of the court area, it is allowed to re-service it. If the situation repeats, a point is awarded to the opponent. The serve is also replayed if the ball touches the net, but at the same time hits the playing field area.
A point is awarded to an opponent if:
- the tennis player failed to hit the ball before it rebounded from the court;
- a batted ball in the air affected objects surrounding the field;
- the ball touched the body or form of the tennis player before hitting the racket;
- the player deliberately holds the ball or hits it twice with the racket.
- The ball is served only when the opposing player is ready to receive it. The time of readiness is not regulated by the rules of the game, but the opponent should not delay the moment. If the receiving athlete is not ready to accept the service for any reason, he may signal.
Who referees the match?
A referee is always present at official tennis matches. It is located on a small elevation, which gives an excellent overview and allows you to objectively analyze every moment of the game. The referee closely monitors how the rules of the game of professional tennis are observed, he is assigned the right to make decisions that the players are not entitled to challenge.
In the most important matches on the field, in addition to the main referee on the tower, there are line judges. Their task is to follow the ball and accurately determine if it has landed out of bounds. Amateur matches most often take place without refereeing, and the honesty of the duel lies on the conscience of each player.
To play tennis you will need:
- Tennis ball – models differ in “bounciness”, tightness and internal pressure. Permissible dimensions – from 6.35 to 6.67 cm in diameter, permissible weight – no more than 58.6 g and no less than 56.7 g.
- Racket – requirements are imposed on dimensions, construction, string density and weight. The use of weight distributors is allowed, devices that change the shape of the racket and transmit audio prompts are prohibited.
- Vibration damper is a special silicone insert that is installed between the racket strings and is designed to reduce vibration response to ball strikes.
- A wristband is an accessory for the wrist that fixes the hand, protects it from injuries and drops of sweat flowing down the arm.
To play in sunny weather, you will need a cap or visor. Additional comfort is provided by good sports shoes. Since tennis (especially professional tennis) is always associated with injuries, it will not hurt to take out insurance – it will help you feel more confident on the court.
Rules of the game of tennis: briefly about the main
You must arrive on time for the match – being late for 15 minutes threatens with penalty points or disqualification.
Before the official game, all rackets and tennis ball are tested for compliance.
The match can be played in short sets, when the winner is the athlete who wins 4 games by 2 points.
The draw is carried out by coin toss before the warm-up.
A serve is considered correct when the ball does not leave the court and does not touch surrounding objects.
The game runs continuously from the moment the ball is played until the very end. A break is allowed between games, but not longer than 3 minutes.
Additional time may be granted in the event of a malfunction of the equipment – the athlete is given the opportunity to correct the problem.
Tennis for beginners only at first seems complicated and incomprehensible by calculations. A little practice and observation will help you overcome your fear of the court and become part of this exciting sport.