Jiu-jitsu literally translates as “the art of gentleness.” This name applies to all Japanese martial arts, including techniques with or without weapons. If we talk about hand-to-hand combat, then Japanese jiu-jitsu is distinguished by soft movements, suppleness.
History of Jiu-Jitsu
The origins of this martial art lie in ancient times, around 230 BC. Competitions in sumo, the first martial art to appear, were held at the palaces of the emperor, starting from 642 BC. The sumo wrestling technique was simple, it was enough for a wrestler to have physical strength. Later, starting from the 10th century, there was a fight in armor – kroi-kumui. The duel was held in a sitting position on saddles, blows with short swords were used. Heavy armored fighters on horseback were replaced by more agile infantry fighters. Their armor was already lighter, and their fighting techniques were varied. Combat jujutsu became distinct from other martial arts in 1532 thanks to the military tactician Hisamori Takenouchi. He collected the best techniques from all martial arts, highlighting them in a separate direction.
Principle of Jiu-Jitsu
The main principle of Jiu-Jitsu is the absence of direct confrontation and resistance. You don’t need to put pressure on the enemy, you need to outwit him and lead him into a trap, turn the opponent’s strength against him. This principle is associated with the name of the doctor Shirobze Ayakama, who noticed that during a storm the branches of large trees broke, and the branches of the willow succumbed to the force of the wind and, rising up, survived. This doctor then founded the world’s first school of martial art jiu-jitsu.
Philosophy of Jiu-Jitsu
The philosophy of this oriental art is based on four concepts (“walls”):
- Knowledge and work.
- Social aspect (communication).
It is understood that in the event of the fall of one of the “walls” the whole life of a person goes downhill. Japanese martial artists are sure that the formation of these four components should be practiced from early childhood. Jiu-jitsu classes are designed to temper character and improve it.
Features of Jiu-Jitsu
The art of jujutsu was not widespread among the lower strata of the population. It was practiced in the army, as well as among the samurai. This martial art flourished during the Tokugawa era. At that time, many schools were opened in which this martial art was studied. Teaching in different schools was slightly different. Breathing, basic stances, the predominance of one or another group of techniques – all this varied, depending on the school. Jiu-Jitsu technique provides a combined approach. To varying degrees, throws, creases, painful holds, blows and suffocations are combined.