Playing sports in childhood is undoubtedly useful. They contribute to harmonious physical development, strengthen immunity, and also form a number of psychological qualities – purposefulness, the will to win, the ability to calculate all your actions in advance. The key to success is the regularity of training, but there is another important aspect. This is the safety of playing sports in childhood. Are there ways to protect the child from injury?
Optimal age to start classes
Parents watch how their baby grows and develops, and make plans for his future. Many people know in advance that they will enroll their child in the sports section. The question remains open – at what age is it best to start classes, because without experience it can be difficult to find the fine line between “too early” and “already late”.
There is no single answer, unfortunately. Each sport has its own minimum age limit. As for general physical activity, there are no restrictions. The baby can be recorded for joint swimming with her mother, and for children 2-3 years old, outdoor games will be the best load. This activity helps:
- development and strengthening of muscles;
- increase endurance;
- improve blood circulation;
- increase in lung capacity.
A child who is accustomed to physical activity from early childhood is easier to adapt to more difficult workouts at an older age. Such children are already accustomed to listening to the coach, to work in a team. They are more disciplined, responsible and motivated to study.
Choice of sport
All directions are different. Some are associated with high risks of injury, while others are relatively safe. It is logical to choose the least traumatic sport, but this parameter cannot be the only criterion. From the point of view of safety for the child, it is preferable:
- table tennis;
Each direction has its advantages, but it is undesirable to impose your opinion on children. It is highly likely that the child will abandon classes at a conscious age. It is better to immediately choose a sport that will appeal to both children and parents.
Psychologists and trainers advise taking into account not only the wishes and predisposition, although this is important, but also the child’s temperament:
Any direction is suitable for active and balanced sanguine people. They realize themselves both in team and in individual disciplines.
Emotional choleric people need to express their emotions. At the same time, they boast excellent reaction speed and energy. Wrestling, boxing, fencing is ideal for them.
Calm phlegmatic people find it difficult to discipline where you need to make decisions with lightning speed. But they achieve success in chess, golf, biathlon, martial arts.
Conservative melancholics have the hardest time. Often such children feel uncomfortable among peer athletes, but this does not mean that they will have to forget about physical activity. Such a child can be safely recorded in swimming or equestrian sports.
If you plan to enroll in a sports section, a diagnostic examination will become a mandatory item of preparation. Training organizers always ask for a certificate from the pediatrician stating that the child is allowed to practice a particular sport. This is the minimum required for amateur training.
If a child aims to become a professional athlete, you will need to go through a commission of several specialists. The list of doctors includes:
- orthopedic surgeon;
To assess the general condition of the body, it is required to regularly take tests – a general blood and urine test. Additionally, you will need to undergo an ECG procedure.
It is important for parents to remember that specific sports may have their own requirements. For example, for classes in the pool, a scraping for enterobiosis is required, as well as a certificate from a dermatologist.
Accounting for possible contraindications
Not every child can boast of excellent health. Some chronic diseases can be a reason for not exercising. The list of main contraindications to physical activity includes:
- bronchial asthma;
- stomach ulcer;
- flat feet;
- heart pathology.
Past injuries will serve as a temporary contraindication to sports. The body needs time to recover. Recovery will be faster if stress is kept to a minimum. After recovery, sports are possible, but with the permission of the doctor. Only a physician determines whether the sport will harm the child.
Registration of insurance
If the medical examination is successfully passed, there are no contraindications, and the child insists on traumatic sports – hockey, football, boxing, you should not refuse him. It is better to take into account all the nuances in advance. For example, it will not be superfluous to issue a children’s insurance policy.
Training and competition are unpredictable. Even with the observance of safety precautions and the rules of the game, there is always a risk of injury. Dislocations, sprains, bruises, fractures – all this is familiar to every professional athlete. Fans are also at risk, so the policy is useful to everyone. It will not protect against injuries, but will cover the costs of treatment and recovery.
Make sure that the child feels comfortable while playing sports. Do not spare money for high-quality equipment – a comfortable shape that removes moisture and does not hinder movement, shoes that fix the foot, as well as all the necessary protection – a helmet, shields, a mouth guard, knee pads. The full list depends on the specific direction.
Building a class schedule
The standard scheme of classes for children is two or three times a week. Such a schedule is not in vain. Weekends are needed so that the body has time to recover, as the loads will constantly increase. It is not forbidden to practice on free days, but you need to make sure that there is no overstrain and excessive fatigue.
Most children are happy to attend sports sections. They rejoice in their own achievements, strive for new victories, temper their character. Parents do not need to worry too much about the health of the child. Sports are not always injuries, especially if you choose the right discipline, properly organize the training process and regularly monitor your health.