Volleyball Path

Interesting Facts About How Volleyball and Fireball Became an Olympic Sport

What do tennis without rackets and basketball without rings have in common? What is a Volleyball? Why and for what did the volleyball rules change? How have television and new technologies affected the course of the matches? Interesting facts about volleyball that everyone should know.

Mintonet, fistball, faustball?

Disputes about the homeland of volleyball are not inferior to disputes about Homer’s homeland in terms of intensity of passions. Just as ancient cities defended the honor of being called the birthplace of an ancient Greek poet and fought for the right to be considered the progenitors of the now Olympic sport.

And there is an assumption that back in the 3rd century BC, Roman legionnaires had fun by throwing a ball through the air to each other. Only it is not known what the ball was made of. Medieval Europe, in between the crusades and the tortures of the Inquisition, had fun playing faustball, the essence of which was throwing the ball over a stone wall.

However, as they say, you can argue about the taste of bananas with those who ate these bananas. The United States is considered the birthplace of volleyball. According to the official version, in the 19th century it was accidentally invented by an ordinary university physical education teacher William Morgan from the small town of Holyoke, in Massachusetts. He set a simple task for himself: to come up with entertainment for students so that, having learned about the new game, they caught fire with interest in a healthy lifestyle.

Morgan wanted to make the game more accessible than, for example, basketball, so as not to spend money on inventory. The result was something between tennis without rackets and basketball without rings. The game received the strange name “mintonet”, but rather quickly received a more euphonious name by analogy with football and basketball: volley – “hit from the summer” and ball – “ball”.

And in professional sports, volleyball is currently the only game in which the ball is not allowed to fall to the ground.

On the way to recognition

Now it is hard to imagine that up to 30 people in each team could be on the field, the rules were conditional, and the average match could last the whole day. A record long, almost endless match took place once in Kingston (USA), and it lasted 75 hours and 30 minutes.

At first, the net was stretched at a height of 196 cm, that is, slightly above the average height of the players at that time. However, to add mobility to the game, in 1915 the net was raised to 243 centimeters above the floor. For the same purpose, the fundamental rule of three touches, which is still valid, was introduced. And before, players on the same team could endlessly pass each other.

Everything systematically went to the fact that from university fun volleyball turned into a professional sport. After all, rules and restrictions forced athletes to improve their talent. Due to the fact that volleyball does not initially require decades of intensive training and training, the International Volleyball Federation (FIVB) is now the largest of the world’s sports organizations, with 218 countries in its membership.

Volleyball has been an Olympic sport since 1964. The first gold of the Games among men was won by representatives of the USSR, among women – by the Japanese team. The last champions in men’s volleyball today are also our compatriots.

TV is changing the game

Some rules of the game were dictated by logic, and something – by new technologies of that time. The main reason for changing the rules was the advent of television broadcasts in the 1950s. In the interests of TV in volleyball, there have been revolutionary changes: the number of substitutions in the game and the time for timeouts have decreased. After all, the air needs to be sold to the viewer, which means you need to know when the match will end. As a result, volleyball has finally become an exciting and dynamic sport in which everything can turn upside down at any moment.

The maximum duration of a match in the late 1990s was predicted relatively accurately – about 2 hours and 15 minutes. The broadcasters were fine with that. Then, at the end of the 20th century, volleyball was allowed to be played with any part of the body, even with the foot. What can’t you do to make it more spectacular?

Pioneerball and sepak tacrow

Throughout the history of volleyball, various variations of the game have emerged in the countries where it has been played. So, in Japan, the national championship was held according to the “Asian” rules: with a lower net (2 m for women and 2.3 m for men), on a larger site.

Since the times of the USSR, we have known a simplified version of the game – pioneer ball. Most of us know the rules from school, although, fortunately, no one has ever tried to regulate them. In the end, he remained a backyard sport, where the main thing is to enjoy the game. Anyone could participate in pioneer ball, regardless of their physical form and capabilities.

In some countries of Southeast Asia, sepak tacrow volleyball is popular without hands. The ball is thrown with a hand on the leg of the serving player of his team, and the opponent receives the ball with his foot or head.

And in the USA and Brazil, beach volleyball was born, which, due to its accessibility, began to rapidly gain popularity. The female version of this sport with plastic movements and a minimum of game “form” also provided TV ratings. Not surprisingly, modern beach volleyball has become a full-fledged Olympic sport. And they follow him, especially the games of women’s teams, millions of people around the world.

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