Modern martial art is not fighting without rules, but respect for the opponent, training of physical strength and spirit. His main goal is to improve consciousness through combat techniques.
Jiu-jitsu is a martial art that originated in Japan. Its second name is “soft style”. The main emphasis is on softness, the ability to defend against blows and use the opponent’s strength to their advantage. Jitsu has punches and kicks, but this martial art is not classified as aggressive. Skill and rational use of energy allow you to win a duel against a larger opponent.
Jiu-jitsu combines self-defense and hand-to-hand combat techniques. Combat tactics conditionally consist of four phases:
- Shortening the distance and entering the clinch.
- Transferring the fight to the ground and depriving the opponent of such a serious advantage as strikes at a long distance.
- Taking a dominant position for better distribution of weight and forces and complete control over the actions of the enemy.
- The end of the fight with a painful hold or blow.
Jiu-jitsu is suitable for boys and girls. The optimal age to start classes is 10-12 years old. There are sections for adults. Its advantages are the development of mindfulness and speed of thinking. Both qualities help in everyday life.
Jiu-jitsu classes attract girls because they allow you to “elegantly” defend yourself.
The figure is also strikingly changing – this happens naturally, without exhausting marathon races and diets.
Aikido is a Japanese martial art developed in the first half of the 20th century. It differs from classical martial arts in that the warrior is focused on defense rather than attack. In combat, his muscles are relaxed and his mind tense.
Experts in martial arts believe that aikido fully meets the challenges of the present time. This is not an aggressive sport; it does not attack first.
The philosophy of aikido is life in harmony with oneself and the world around. The task of the athlete is not to win, but to stop the attacker.
Everyone can train – super strength and a pile of muscles are not needed for this. In the classroom, mentors teach athletes to redirect the strength of the enemy against him. After 3-4 years of regular training, a person:
- instantly concentrated;
- makes precise and precise movements;
- feels confident in the confrontation with several attackers.
There is no intensive cardio and heavy strength training in aikido classes – the teacher selects the pace of training according to the student’s level of preparation. Basically, these are low- and medium-speed workouts.
Aikido has a gentle effect on the body, so you can start practicing at any age. In children, correct posture is formed, in the elderly, motor function improves.
Wushu is translated from Chinese as “martial art”. Different schools of wushu teach dozens of its subspecies. In one subspecies there are more acrobatics, in the other – gymnastics and stretching. There are also those based on powerful blows, sweeps and other tricks. Wushu is a contact sport in which the fighting style is somewhat reminiscent of Thai boxing.
Wushu classes begin with practicing basic techniques, including flexibility exercises. After the warm-up, the athletes move on to working out the racks and strikes. Wushu handstands are dynamic steps of various lengths and configurations. The athlete selects the stance, acting according to the situation and having previously assessed the situation and the strength of the enemy.
Wushu has less philosophy than the previous two martial arts. It is predominantly a percussion technique.
To engage in this martial art, begin with 4-5 years. There are almost no health restrictions, but with flat feet, vision problems, a child needs a preliminary consultation with a doctor.
Absolute contraindications to training:
- craniocerebral and other injuries;
- problems with the spine;
- cardiac pathologies.
Judo is translated from Japanese as “soft way”. This sport is tougher than wushu and aikido: it includes throws, chokes and submissions. Athletes study the most traumatic blows in the form of kata.
Physical strength and dexterity are important for judokas, and in a duel they use their strength sparingly and conserve energy. The fundamental difference between judo and boxing, karate and other shock martial arts is that hand-to-hand combat techniques are used here only for grabs and throws.
In the world, more than 20 million athletes practice judo, which indicates the popularity of this sport.
Judo is wrestling. Boys and girls do it. Training is contraindicated for problems:
- with the musculoskeletal system;
In judo classes, children imitate a duel, but throws are actively used in judo. Bruises, sprains and other injuries cannot be ruled out.
Kickboxing is another martial art that prepares athletes for a real fight. Techniques include kicks, as in karate, and punches, as in boxing. This is a tough contact sport, so kickboxers enter the ring in protective gear:
- boxing gloves;
- head helmet;
Kickboxing allows punches and kicks to the sides and front of the body above the waist. Side and front blows to the head are also allowed.
Kickboxing is an energy intensive sport. Athletes develop endurance, strength, speed and flexibility. Giving children to the kickboxing section is worth it only when they are nimble and agile, moving quickly around the site.
To train and show results, athletes will need incredible endurance. But the risk of missing a beat and getting injured remains even with the most trained athlete. If a child complains of ailments, frequent headaches, heaviness in the lower back and legs, then it is better for him to take up another type of martial arts.
The most dangerous kick in kickboxing is the head kick. It is impossible to predict it, as well as to predict the consequences. But this and other serious risks can be insured. For children under the age of majority, sports insurance is issued by their parents.
To each his own
The catalog of martial arts of the world includes 2709 varieties. This is not the limit – new techniques appear periodically. Each has its own subtleties. Any of them disciplines, develops endurance, teaches you to analyze the situation and act with your mind, not emotions.
The main thing is to have fun and satisfaction from what you do.